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Steel Testing

Bend Test

This test helps in determining the ductility, but it cannot be considered as a quantitative means of predicting service performance in bending operations. The severity of the bend test is primarily a function of the angle of bend and inside diameter to which the specimen is bent, and of the cross-section of the specimen. These conditions are varied according to location and orientation of the test specimen and the chemical composition, tensile properties, hardness, type, and quality of the steel specified.


The elongation is the increase in length of the gauge length, expressed as a percentage of the original gauge length. In reporting elongation values, give both the percentage increase and the original gauge length.

Ultimate Tensile Strength

This test helps in determining the maximum stress that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before necking, which is when the specimen’s cross-section starts to significantly contract.

0.2% Proof stress / Yield stress

Yield strength is the lowest stress that produces a permanent deformation in a material. In some materials, like aluminium alloys, the point of yielding is hard to define, thus it is usually given as the stress required causing 0.2% plastic strain. This is called a 0.2% proof stress.

Rebend Test

The purpose of re-bend test is to measure the effect of strain ageing on steel.

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